PERSIAN CAT The Persian cat is one of the best known and numerous feline breeds in the homes of all cat lovers. These so-called aristocratic cats have been part of the history of mankind since ancient times, although the variety we know now is relatively recent, and developed in England in the late 1800s from the mixture of the ancestors of the Persian cat and the cat Turkish Angora
It is impossible to define exactly the appearance of the first Persian cats. In any case, the first specimens of this breed were far from the characteristics we know today. What they did maintain was their long fur, and it is that the upper-class people of the 19th century were looking for cats with long hair to achieve a greater status for others, since it was not usual to find cats with these characteristics.
Nor is it known for sure where the first long-haired cats came from. The current common cats, called European shorthair, have their origin in African cats, but these animals did not have long hair. At least there is no evidence of that. It is possible then that the first long-haired cats appeared in Asia Minor, but it is also an assumption that there is no official confirmation.
The first real data on the Persian breed date from 1620, when Europeans traveled to Persia and on one of their trips they brought with them some cats that they first introduced in Italy. From Italy, they expanded to other countries such as France and Britain, and quickly gained popularity due to the interest of aristocrats in these animals.
At present, it is more than common to find specimens of a Persian cat in every corner of the world, and as a pet of families of all kinds. His physical appearance, temperament, and adaptability are the characteristics that have earned him to be so popular all over the world today.
The physical appearance of the Persian cat is elegant and glamorous. They stand out for their dense, long and fluffy fur, and for an expression of alertness and intelligence as few have, in addition to the well-known form of their face. Persia’s cat is a medium-sized animal, which can also become large, and strong and muscular in terms of structure. It is one of the breeds that has changed the most over the years, and it is that the original Persian cat was rather elongated, light and stylized, which contrasts with the wide and robust cats of today. They also show an enlarged belly, one of the keys of the breed that is formed due to the adipose tissue attached to the belly.
Similarly, ancient Persian cats had a longer nose than current ones and larger ears. The current Persian breed stands out for the flattened snout, carried almost to the extreme among Persian peke faced cats, a variant achieved by the hand of the human being, by deliberately reproducing a cat that had been born with a genetic problem. This new variant may seem nice due to the shape of its face and its characteristics, but the truth is that the flat face does not do them any favors. The Persian peke faced cat can usually present with respiratory problems or constant tearing, something that also happens in the case of dogs.
The other more traditional variant also has a snout cut in relation to the first original Persians, but in a much more subtle way, and does not represent any health problem for animals. Its head is large and rounded, although it does not look disproportionate in relation to the body. They emphasize their ears of small size, upright on the head, and eyes larger than normal, which draw attention for their deep gaze. They are sometimes known by the nickname of doll-faced cats, due to that sweet expression that appears on their face.
Something that both varieties share, and that is also one of the distinctive and most desired features of the breed, is its mantle. Its fur is arranged in a long, soft and silky mane that wraps the entire body, and that requires a series of concrete care to always stay in perfect condition and avoid the appearance of knots and other problems. As for the coloring, the Persian cat can present a mantle in very different shades. The patterns can be blue, white, black, gold, chocolate, bicolor or Himalayan, as the Siamese cat pattern is known. All of them in different shades and extensions. Hence it is relatively simple to find a Persian cat for the tastes of any person.
Persian cats are usually very calm and homemade animals, who enjoy spending time with family and without the need for an outside space for them to leave. It is even common for animals of this breed that live in houses with gardens prefer to stay indoors than go outside, even when they have that option.
They are very cuddly and docile, which implies that they usually want to be in the lap of their owners to be filled with attention and caresses. For some people, they can be even a bit overwhelming. They are also very intelligent and adapt well to live with people of all ages, including children, although they usually select a human to be the one who pays the most attention.
One of the reasons why it is so common to see cats of this breed as pets of families on floors, is that they do not have the same instincts as other cats. They are not independent at all, nor do they have instincts developed for defense or hunting. They are not even meowers, and their voice is soft and weak, barely heard, another reason why you can live in an apartment without any problem.
Main diseases of the Persian Cat
The Persian is a cat that unfortunately has a tendency to suffer certain diseases. It is quite common to find animals affected by polycystic kidney disease or the symptom of retained testicles. It is also a breed with enough propensity to gain weight and suffer obesity, especially in neutered cats, which poses a serious danger to their health.
In addition to the above, it is likely that the Persian cat is affected by other diseases such as toxoplasmosis, malocclusion, glaucoma, dermatitis, urinary tract stones, hip dysplasia, knee dislocation, etc. It does not mean that any cat will necessarily get sick, but it will be more likely than other breeds to suffer from any of these conditions.
To avoid these diseases as much as possible, or at least treat them as soon as possible, it is recommended to go to the veterinarian for frequent check-ups. This will also allow keeping your vaccines and deworming up to date, both external and internal. In addition, it is always essential to make your cat follow some healthy daily habits so that the incidence of some of these problems is lower.
Basic care of the Persian Cat
The Persian cat requires more care in general than other cat breeds, due to its physical characteristics and also its genetic inheritance. To begin with, it is necessary to take care of your fur in a very specific way, because knots and tangles can form that, in addition to being less aesthetic, can have negative consequences for the animal. To avoid this, it is advisable to brush your mantle several times a week, with a suitable brush so as not to damage your skin.
Brushing is essential to eliminate knots and drag dead hair, however, it is also recommended to give the animal some malt frequently to eliminate hairballs that accumulate in the stomach during its own cleaning, and which can have consequences worse. Do not leave aside the bathroom, every two or three months, to return all the shine to the coat and to remove dirt and loose hair. Always use a shampoo suitable for cats, which protects their fur and skin.
Another point to consider in the care of the Persian cat is that of cleaning your eyes. It is a breed that tends to tear, which implies that it is necessary to clean them properly to prevent scabs from forming due to the accumulation of tears. As precautions, it is important not to use the same cotton to clean both eyes, to avoid possible infections of bacteria from one to another. This action is essential to maintain the health of the animal, and in some specimens, the tearing can be constant and abundant, which would require veterinary assistance if it is not cleaned regularly, even more than once a day.
In addition to aesthetic care, it is important to consider food to maintain your health. As we have seen, it is a breed with a propensity to gain weight, and obesity is especially dangerous in animals. Therefore, you should always try to offer quality food and in the right amounts, and try not to give too much-wet food, which is much more caloric than dry food. At the same point as feeding, it is necessary to control your level of exercise, since it is what will make the cat stay fit and not gain weight so easily. The Persian is not a cat that has high needs for exercise, so it will depend especially on his family the stimulation to get him to play and work without being an effort. Further,
At the level of education, it should be noted that the Persian is a docile animal, calm and willing to please his family, so it is also easy to teach him to obey and even some tricks. The Persian cat can be a perfect companion animal for all kinds of family members, but you will also have to make an effort to understand it to get the best relationship with him.
Curiosities of the Persian Cat
The adoration of people for this feline breed is such that up to 75% of the total number of cats registered with pedigree belongs to the Persian breed. And of all of them more and more are those who are looking for a completely flat face, despite not being a natural characteristic of the breed.
Queen Victoria of England was a great fan of the breed. It is known that he had two blue Persian cats, and this probably made many other people also want to share his life with specimens of this breed.
Copies of different colors can be born within the same litter, and in general, blue kittens are usually smaller in size and weight than orange or golden kittens. In addition, a blue Persian cat is more likely to suffer from diseases in relation to other colors.
The taste for these animals has made many litters of Persian kittens born in ways that are not always the most appropriate. Therefore, if you want to get a Persian cat with whom to share your life, you should always go to reliable breeders and specialized in the breed. Buying a Persian cat is simple, but doing it in an appropriate place takes a little effort.
Keep in mind that the Persian cat will have a lower price if it is sold to you by a private individual or a pet store, but with it, you will not have any guarantee of its health or its origin, and they will be contributing to the indiscriminate breeding of animals. Persian cats are great pets for the whole family, loyal, affectionate and fun. If you strive to get a quality copy and to provide all the care you need, you will have a partner for a long time.