pet Travel Almost all immigrant-receiving countries, including Australia, Canada, the United States, and Spain, allow pets to enter; generally, of dogs and cats over 3 months of age.
Other types of pets such as rodents, birds, fish, turtles, snakes or horses may suffer restrictions and even prohibit entry.
The basic procedures to emigrate with dogs and cats include the issuance of three fundamental documents:
- Vaccination certificate
- Veterinary Health Certificate
- Export Sanitary Permit
These documents must be issued in the animal’s country of origin.
The step-by-step process to obtain each of these three documents is described below:
To begin, the pet must be reviewed by a licensed veterinarian and the corresponding certification issued by the respective professional association.
The objective of the consultation is to evaluate the general state of health of the pet, apply the rabies vaccine and deworm the animal.
The veterinarian must issue a vaccination certificate (against rabies and other vaccines) and an international health certificate for dogs and cats.
- Certificate of vaccination
This document for dogs and cats, issued by the veterinarian, contains the following information:
Animal identification data: breed, color, and weight.
Place and date of rabies vaccination.
Trade name and a serial number of the vaccine that was applied to the animal.
Specification of the duration of immunity; otherwise, it will be considered valid for one year.
- International health certificate
Also issued by the veterinarian for dogs and cats contains the following information:
Owner information (name and address).
Description of the animal (Species, date of birth or age, sex, breed, type, and color of fur, particular signs of the animal).
Animal identification number (tattoo, medal or electronic chip, the latter required by some countries, especially in the European Union).
Country of origin of the animal and countries in which the animal has resided in the last 2 years.
Data on rabies vaccination (place and date of application; type of vaccine; the name of laboratory and brand of vaccine; name, identification and form of the veterinarian; the validity of vaccine).
Results of the serological test applied to the animal (blood sample), including data from the laboratory where it was performed.
Results of the clinical examination practiced by the veterinarian.
Most receiving nations require that both certificates be translated into the respective language. In addition, some also ask that they are legalized documents before the highest agricultural and breeding authority of the country of departure and before the foreign relations authority.
- Sanitary export permit
This is a very important document, because, without it, the animal will not get permission to board a plane, even if it already has its ticket purchased. It must be presented at the port of departure (airport) before customs authorities
This document is usually issued by the highest authority of agriculture and breeding of the country of departure, through the respective agricultural health service.
The requirements and procedures of some Latin American countries and Spain can be reviewed in the following links:
Requirements for obtaining the animal health certificate in Argentina
Procedures for pet Travel with your pet outside Bolivia
Chile pet departure
Animal health certificate for pet exports from Mexico
The departure of pets from Spain
Ecuador pet departure
Sanitary Export Certificate for pet Travel from Peru
Requirements for issuing pet export permits in Venezuela
Requirements to pet Travel by plane with pets
For the time of the trip, it is advisable to review the requirements of the airlines, before buying the ticket, because each one handles its own rules and standards for the transport of pets.
- All animals must travel in transport cages, which must be of a leak-proof design and be well ventilated. No part of the animal can be left outside the cage.
- Small pets (usually of the weight and size, including the cage, equivalent to what is considered as carry-on luggage) can travel with the passenger, staying in their cage under the seat in front of the owner’s chair of the pet.
- Pets of size and weight greater than the equivalent of hand luggage can pet Travel in the luggage compartment.
- Only dogs or cats can be transported as hand luggage or as luggage. Other types of animals, including insects and reptiles, can travel as cargo.
- Pets must register with the airline in advance of the trip.
When the animal meets all the requirements already listed, the airline proceeds to grant the owner a boarding permit, with which the animal obtains its right to its new country of residence.
pet Travel-Upon arrival at the destination
Once at the port of entry of the country of destination, the authorities may request isolation at a quarantine station. The conditions of quarantine stay will be determined by the regulations of the importing country. This is a requirement of some countries, such as Australia.
It is important to know in detail the regulations for importing pets from Australia, Canada, Spain, and the United States.